Addressing reporters, President Ricardo Lagos cited Wednesday's indictments as proof that "in Chile, all citizens are equal; no one is above the law." Pinochet could have faced fines in Chile totaling 300% of the amount owed, and prison time, if he had been convicted before his death. Because of the corruption accusations against him, General Pinochet's stature in Chile has declined even among former supporters, and there were no protests or statements of support for him on Wednesday from active duty military officers. Lucía Hiriart Rodríguez. On 1 October 2004, Chile's Internal Revenue Service ("Servicio de Impuestos Internos") filed a lawsuit against Pinochet, accusing him of fraud and tax evasion, for the amount of US$3.6 million in investment accounts held at Riggs between 1996 and 2002. New Military Government Chile’s new military government consisted of the heads of the three armed forces, known as the junta, in 1974. Pinochet’s body was incinerated in Parque del Mar Cemetery, Concón on 12 December 2006, on his request to “stay away from vandalism of his tomb,” as indicated by his son Marco Antonio. Fifteen years of investigations also revealed that Pinochet was at the center of an illegal arms trade organized around FAMAE (Factories and Arsenals of the Army of Chile), which received money from various offshore and front companies, including the Banco Coutts International in Miami. Some scholars[19][20] consider it one of the most important events in legal history since the Nuremberg Trials of Nazi war criminals. The report said the violations were "symptomatic of uneven and, at times, ineffecti… There is no respect for anything or anyone on our side.". "[27] Shortly after the verdict, Pinochet resigned from the Senate, thus benefiting from the 2000 Constitutional amendment granting him immunity from prosecution. He became the head of the subsequent military government, a role he retained for nearly two decades. His first act upon landing in Santiago de Chile's airport was to triumphantly stand up from his wheelchair to the acclaim of his supporters. A third ruling in March 1999 confirmed the original verdict; this time, the Lords held that Pinochet could only be prosecuted for crimes committed after 1988, the year in which the United Kingdom implemented legislation ratifying the United Nations Convention Against Torture in the Criminal Justice Act 1988. View the profiles of people named Marco Antonio Pinochet. Jacqueline Marie, la cual se casó dos veces y tuvo nueve hijos. Son: Marco Antonio Pinochet Daughter: Jacqueline Marie Pinochet. 10-12-1923 Antofagasta,Chile. [6] Pinochet claimed immunity from prosecution as a former head of state under the State Immunity Act 1978. In November 2005, Pinochet was deemed fit to stand trial by the Chilean Supreme Court and was indicted and put under house arrest on tax fraud and passport forgery charges but was released on bail; however, he remained under house arrest due to unrelated human rights charges. [1], At the time of his death in 2006, Pinochet had been implicated in over 300 criminal charges for numerous human rights violations,[2] including the Caravan of Death case (case closed in July 2002 by the Supreme Court of Chile, but re-opened in 2007 following new medical advice), Carlos Prats's assassination (case closed on 1 April 2005), Operation Condor (case closed on 17 June 2005), Operation Colombo, the Villa Grimaldi, Carmelo Soria, Calle Conferencia, Antonio Llidó and Eugenio Berrios cases, tax evasion and passport forgery.[2][3]. Marco Antonio Pinochet, el menor de los varones, es quien más contacto tiene con ella. Illness The general's son, Marco Antonio Pinochet, told reporters outside the hospital earlier on Tuesday that … [35] The payments began in 1997 and lasted until 2004. The report said the violations were "symptomatic of uneven and, at times, ineffective enforcement by all federal bank regulators, of bank compliance with their anti-money-laundering obligations". [31] Judge Alejandro Madrid was thus able to indict him for the kidnappings and tortures at Villa Grimaldi. A hard-fought 16-month-long legal battle ensued in the House of Lords, then the highest court of the United Kingdom. The charges included 94 counts of torture of Spanish citizens, the 1975 assassination of Spanish diplomat Carmelo Soria, and one count of conspiracy to commit torture — allegations of abuses had been made numerous times before his arrest, including since the beginning of his rule, but had never been acted upon. Pinochet was also accused of using his position to pursue personal enrichment through embezzlement of government funds, the illegal drug trade and illegal arms trade. In September 2005, a joint-investigation by The Guardian and La Tercera revealed that the British arms firm BAE Systems had been identified as having paid more than £1m to Pinochet through a front company in the British Virgin Islands, which BAE has used to channel commissions on arms deals. Pinochet was freed under caution on the grounds that "his freedom did not represent a danger for the security of the society". General Augusto Pinochet was indicted for human rights violations committed in his native Chile by Spanish magistrate Baltasar Garzón on 10 October 1998. According to the report, Riggs participated in money laundering for Pinochet, setting up offshore shell corporations (referring to Pinochet as only "a former public official"), and hiding his accounts from regulatory agencies. [7] However, the judgement was set aside in a subsequent, unprecedented case on the basis that one of the judges involved was potentially biased due to his ties to Amnesty International, a human rights organization that had campaigned against Pinochet for decades and acted as an intervenor in the case. Pinochet led a 11 September 1973 coup which deposed Socialist President Salvador Allende. Pinochet's attorneys, headed by Pablo Rodríguez Grez (former leader of the far-right group Fatherland and Liberty), argued that he was entitled to immunity from prosecution first as a former head of state, then under the 1978 amnesty law passed by the military junta. The U.S. Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations released a report on 15 July 2004 concerning Riggs Bank, which had solicited Pinochet and controlled between US$4 million and US$8 million of his assets. Authorised to return to Chile, Pinochet was subsequently indicted by judge Juan Guzmán Tapia and charged with several crimes. "He is well, conscious and talking," Dr Juan Ignacio Vergara said outside a military hospital in the capital, Santiago. [1] However, Pinochet died a few days later on 10 December, without having been convicted of any crimes committed during his administration. Marco Antonio tiene 7 empleos en su perfil. El secreto mundo de los armamentos. Ver notas familiares Entre sus nietos directos están: Augusto Pinochet Molina, excapitán de ejército chileno, líder del movimiento político Por Mi Patria e hijo de Augusto Pinochet Hiriart. [21] In Spain, the Court of Appeal of the Audiencia Nacional affirmed Spanish jurisdiction over Argentine and Chilean cases, declaring that domestic amnesty laws (in the case of Chile, the 1978 amnesty law passed by Pinochet's regime) could not bind the Spanish courts. [7][8] This invalidated most, but not all, of the charges against Pinochet and gave the green light for his extradition to Spain to proceed. [14] Despite protests by legal and medical experts from several countries, Straw finally ruled, in March 2000, that Pinochet had to be set free and authorized his return to Chile. The judges found that the interview raised doubts about the alleged mental incapacity of Pinochet. [4] While in London, he was arrested on 17 October 1998 under an international arrest warrant issued by judge Baltasar Garzón of Spain,[5] and placed under house arrest: initially in the clinic where he had just undergone back surgery, and later in a rented house. On 23 November 2005, judge Carlos Cerda charged Pinochet for fraud and ordered his arrest. But the judge's 27-page ruling, based on three interrogations of Mrs. Pinochet, concluded that she "at all times had knowledge" of the movement of her husband's fortune and "received direct benefits" from the joint accounts. Judge Garzón's case was largely founded on the principle of universal jurisdiction — that certain crimes are so egregious that they constitute crimes against humanity and can therefore be prosecuted in any court in the world. Marco Antonio Pinochet Hiriart: 1957 Santiago,Chile. The news prompted renewed speculation by his critics that he had exaggerated the nature of his current illness. Ve el perfil completo en LinkedIn y descubre los contactos y empleos de Marco Antonio en empresas similares. Lucía Hiriart de Pinochet and Marco Antonio Pinochet are charged with being General Pinochet's accomplices in a decade-long scheme to shift millions of dollars, whose origins are also being investigated, to safe havens abroad. ", British and Irish Legal Information Institute, The Pinochet Precedent and Universal Jurisdiction, Former U.S. President Bush urges Pinochet release, "Pinochet must go to Spain, says Amnesty", "Thatcher sent Pinochet finest scotch during former dictator's UK house arrest", Pinochet receives a hero's welcome on his return, "Immunity versus human rights: the Pinochet case", "The Appeals Court Ruling Is Negotiated Out for Pinochet", Chile high court allows Pinochet 'Caravan of Death' case to proceed, Chile court upholds Pinochet bail in one case, removes immunity in another, Levée de l'immunité de Pinochet pour le meurtre d'un chimiste, Colonel's Death Gives Clues to Pinochet Arms Deals, Allbrittons, Riggs to Pay Victims Of Pinochet, Detective story that linked £1m Pinochet cash to BAE, "Cobertura Especial: Detienen a familia y principales colaboradores de Pinochet", Generales (R) y civiles de Famae procesados en caso armas a Croacia, Consejo de Defensa del Estado se hace querellante en caso armas a Ecuador, The Pinochet Case in London, 1998–2000 at, Pinochet Real – For Supporters of General Pinochet, Article: "Doubts Remain over Pinochet's Fate: Chile's 'antiquated penal code' could be his undoing", Valech report on political imprisonment and torture, November 2004, BBC News report: "Banks accused over Pinochet cash", Committee of Cooperation for Peace in Chile, Attempted assassination of Bernardo Leighton, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Indictment_and_arrest_of_Augusto_Pinochet&oldid=1005014140, Indictment and arrest of Augusto Pinochet, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles needing additional references from October 2017, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 February 2021, at 14:57. Marco Antonio, empresario chileno. [9][10] They argued that Pinochet should be allowed to return to his homeland rather than be extradited to Spain. He had his first kid in 1945. His arrest in London made the front pages of newspapers worldwide; not only did it involve the head of the military dictatorship that ruled Chile between 1973 and 1990, it marked the first time judges had applied the principle of universal jurisdiction, declaring themselves competent to judge crimes committed in a country by former heads of state, despite the existence of local amnesty laws. 25-11-1915 Valparaíso,Chile. [. Join Facebook to connect with Marco Antonio Pinochet and others you may know. On 13 December, Judge Juan Guzmán Tapia placed Pinochet under house arrest and indicted him over the disappearance of nine opposition activists and the murder of one of them during his regime. The news … Facebook gives people the power … Marco Antonio Pinochet Hiriart. 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