Italy joined Germany to fight against the Allied countries. The leader of Italy during World War II was Benito Mussolini, who was a dictator. Adolf Hitler. Benito Mussolini Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943) and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. Hitler the leader of Germany. German for "lightning war." Italy - Italy - World War II: Only in June 1940, when France was about to fall and World War II seemed virtually over, did Italy join the war on Germany’s side, still hoping for territorial spoils. German Dictator and leader of the Nazi Party and the Third Reich in Germany during World War II. And though Hirohito was the Emperor of Japan, Tojo was it's military leader and in effect the third major political leader of the Axis powers. Italy joined World War II as an ally of Germany in 1940, at the behest of its fascist prime minister, Benito Mussolini, which greatly expanded the geographical scope of the war. Benito Mussolini was the leader of Italy during the war. Joseph Stalin was the very brutal Communist dictator of Russia (1928-1953). He was a leader in creating Fascism, a belief in an authoritarian government. (1883 - 1945) The leader of Italy during World War II. It refers to the policy of using strong, quick-moving armed forces to break through enemy lines. blitzkrieg. Mussolini announced his decision—one bitterly opposed by his foreign minister, Galeazzo Ciano—to huge crowds across Italy on June 10. Some political leaders in France and Britain opposed sanctions arguing that it might persuade Mussolini to form an alliance with Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany. Connect to Today: With the passing of time and the creation of modern political and economic alliances like the Group of 8, the wartime and postwar tensions between the former Allied and Axis powers of the World War II might now be considered a distant memory.In 2002, however, President George W. Bush revived the notion of an enemy alliance when he referred to Iran, Iraq and North Korea … Churchill is one of the main World War 2 leaders, and one of the most prominent national leaders in history. The Fascist regime hoped to establish a new “Roman” Empire, encompassing the Mediterranean Sea and beyond into North and East Africa and into the Levant (Syria and Lebanon). Books have been written about this argument due to the difficult political relations between the Church, the Kingdom and the Party, the three biggest entities in Italy until 1945. While Mussolini understood that peace was essential to Italy’s well-being, that a long war might prove disastrous, and that he must not “march blindly with the Germans,” he was beset by concerns that the Germans “might do good business cheaply” and that by not intervening on their side in World War II he would lose his “part of the booty.” Role in World War II. The Axis Power. 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