Media in category "Pennines (hills)" The following 67 files are in this category, out of 67 total. The tunnel was opened by the transport minister Alan Lennox-Boyd on 3 June 1954. The name of the Pennines, the Backbone of Britain, is taken from that of the Apennines, the Backbone of Italy. GeoNames. Pennines synonyms, Pennines pronunciation, Pennines translation, English dictionary definition of Pennines. Water has carved out gorges, caves and limestone landscapes in the Yorkshire Dales and Peak District. fra Wikipedia, den frie encyklopedi. [48], Further south the A58 road traverses the Calder Valley between West Yorkshire and Greater Manchester reaching 1,282 feet (391 m) between Littleborough and Ripponden, while the A646 road along the Calder Valley between Burnley and Halifax reaches 764 feet (233 m) following valley floors. During Norse times the Pennines were settled by Viking Danes in the east and Norwegian Vikings in the west. The Pennines (/ˈpɛnaɪnz/), also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills,[1] is a range of hills and mountains separating North West England from Yorkshire and North East England. [57] On poorly drained impermeable areas of millstone grit, shale or clays the topsoil gets waterlogged in winter and spring. Our Geology. Although the Pennines cover the area between the Tyne Gap and the Peak District, the Pennine Way affects perceptions of the northern and southern extents of the defined area. The Pennine hills were controlled by the tribal federation of the Brigantes, made up of small tribes who inhabited the area and cooperated on defence and external affairs. Zone 8 is common throughout most of the UK, and zone 7 is the UK's coldest hardiness zone. The A66 road, its summit at 1,450 feet (440 m), follows the course of a Roman road from Scotch Corner to Penrith through the Stainmore Gap between the Eden Valley in Cumbria and Teesdale in County Durham. In the Pennine millstone grit areas above an altitude of 900 feet (270 m) the topsoil is so acidic, pH 2 to 4, that it can grow only bracken, heather, sphagnum, and coarse grasses[36] such as cottongrass, purple moor grass and heath rush. Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty are afforded much the same protection as national parks. Each of the structures consists of Carboniferous limestone overlain with Millstone Grit. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. Media in category "Pennines (hills)" The following 67 files are in this category, out of 67 total. [30] The landscape is higher and more mountainous in the Yorkshire Dales and North Pennines. Penniner - Pennines. Large areas of heather moorland in the Pennines are managed for driven shooting of wild red grouse. The River Trent flows around the southern end of the Pennines and northwards on the eastern side taking water from tributaries, principally the Dove and Derwent. If you would like to participate, you can visit the project page, where you can join the project, see a list of open tasks, and join in discussions on the project's talk page. Here tree suppression combined with the heavier rainfall results in blanket bog up to 7 ft (2 m) thick. The Pennines are an important water catchment area with numerous reservoirs in the head streams of the river valleys. Denne siden ble sist redigert 9. des. The region is widely considered to be one of the most scenic areas of the United Kingdom. The highest is … The Southern Pennines Rural Regeneration Company (No. They are surrounded on the east, west, and south by the Vale of York, the [29] Bowland is dominated by a central upland landform of deeply incised gritstone fells covered with tracts of heather-covered peat moorland, blanket bog and steep-sided wooded valleys linking the upland and lowland landscapes. Limestone areas of the Pennines in the White Peak,[59] Yorkshire Dales[60] and Upper Teesdale[61] have been designated as nature reserves or Important Plant Areas by the botanical conservation charity Plantlife,[62] and are nationally important for their wildflowers. The trail stretches for 268 miles (431 km) from Edale, in the northern Derbyshire Peak District, north through the Yorkshire Dales and Northumberland National Park and ends at Kirk Yetholm, just inside the Scottish border.The path runs along the Pennine hills, sometimes described as the "backbone of England". Pennines se teško može nazvati masivom u pravom smislu, jer su njegova brda razbijena brojnim kratkim dolinama, (zvanim - dales) kojih ima posvuda, u svim smjerovima. The northwest is amongst the wettest regions of England and much of the rain falls on the Pennines. The mountains are not very tall and are often called hills. Often said to be the " backbone of England", they form an unbroken range stretching from the Peak District in the Midlands , through the Yorkshire Dales , parts of Greater Manchester , the West Pennine Moors of Lancashire and Cumbrian Fells to the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border. Maximum discharge through the Humber can reach 1,500 m3/s (53,000 cu ft/s).[34]. Ardale Limestone Kiln - geograph.org.uk - 280192.jpg 640 × 427; 112 KB Other high-level roads include Buttertubs Pass, named from limestone potholes near its 1,729-foot (527 m) summit, between Hawes in Wensleydale and Swaledale and the A684 road from Sedbergh to Hawes via Garsdale Head which reaches 1,100 feet (340 m). This narrow range of hills, over 2,000 feet at the highest point, stretches 250 miles from the Peak District of … Titan in the Peak District, the deepest shaft known in Britain, is connected to Peak Cavern in Castleton, Derbyshire, the largest cave entrance in the country. Those mountains (the area around the St. Bernard Pass) derive their name from the Latin Alpes Pœninæ whose name has been variously derived from the Carthaginians,[19] a local god,[20] and Celtic peninus. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or simply the United Kingdom (UK) is a sovereign country in Western Europe.It is a constitutional monarchy that is made up of four separate countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.It is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth, NATO and the G8.It had the sixth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP in 2019. Ikke forveksles med Pennine Alps. The South Pennines form part of the Pennine ‘backbone’ of England. The Pennines are fringed by extensive lowlands including the Eden Valley, West Lancashire Coastal Plain, Ch… C This article has been rated as C-Class on the project's quality scale. [22][23][24][25], Various towns and geographical features have names of Celtic origin, including Penrith, Pen-y-ghent, the River Eden, and Cumbria. [12], Various etymologies have proposed treating "Pennine" as though it were a native Brittonic/Modern Welsh name related to pen- ("head") . Often said to be the " backbone of England", they form an unbroken range stretching from the Peak District in the Midlands , through the Yorkshire Dales , parts of Greater Manchester , the West Pennine Moors of Lancashire and Cumbrian Fells to the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border. In the Peak District the A628 Woodhead road links the M67 motorway in Greater Manchester with the M1 motorway in South Yorkshire and Holme Moss is crossed by the A6024 road, whose highest point is near Holme Moss transmitting station between Longdendale and Holmfirth. The line has survived, despite difficult times[51] About Wikipedia; Disclaimers; Search. Terrain is lower towards the south, principal peaks in the South Pennines and Peak District include Kinder Scout 2,087 ft (636 m), Bleaklow 2,077 ft (633 m), Black Chew Head 1,778 ft (542 m), Rombalds Moor 1,319 ft (402 m) and Winter Hill 1,496 ft (456 m). The Vikings influenced place names, culture and genetics. The Pennine way is a popular hiking trail that runs the entire length of the Pennines. [46] The main economic activities in the North Pennines include tourism, farming, timber and small-scale quarrying, due to the rural landscape. Pennines formira sjevernu i južnu vododjelnicu koje određuju tok svih većih rijeka sjeverne Engleske. Sykdommen ble første gang påvist under koronavirusutbruddet i Wuhan i Kina i desember 2019. In some parts, the trail has been re-routed as the numbers of hikers were causing substantial erosion. Fauna in the Pennines is similar to the rest of England and Wales, but the area hosts some specialised species. The Pennines are an important water catchment area with numerous reservoirs in the headwaters of the major river valleys. During the Dark Ages the Pennines were controlled by Celtic and Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. The highest point is Cross Fell in eastern Cumbria, at 2,930 feet (893 m) and other principal peaks in the North Pennines are Great Dun Fell 2,782 ft (848 m), Mickle Fell 2,585 ft (788 m), and Burnhope Seat 2,451 ft (747 m). Cuir leis, chun cuidiú leis an Vicipéid. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or simply the United Kingdom (UK) is a sovereign country in Western Europe.It is a constitutional monarchy that is made up of four separate countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.It is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth, NATO and the G8.It had the sixth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP in … V této řídce osídlené, významné rekreační oblastí, převažuje chov ovcí. Climate data for Great Dun Fell, North Pennines (848 m) 1981–2010 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov The region is widely considered to be one of the most scenic areas of the United Kingdom. [13] In fact, Redmonds found repeated comparisons with the Italian Apennines going back at least as early as William Camden (1551–1623),[18] many of whose placenames and ideas Bertram incorporated into his work. The southern end of the Pennines is said to be in the High Peak of Derbyshire at Edale, the start of the Pennine Way but the range of hills continues south across the Peak District to the Trent Valley,[4] encompassing northern and eastern Staffordshire, and southern Derbyshire.[7][32][33]. [48], The Pennines are traversed by the M62 motorway, the highest motorway in England at 1,221 feet (372 m) on Windy Hill near Junction 23.[48]. Often described as the "backbone of England",[2][3][4] the Pennine Hills form a more-or-less continuous range in most of Northern England. Penniny (anglicky Pennines) je nízké pohoří a vrchovina ve střední části Velké Británie, na severu Anglie. Many towns and cities are located along rivers flowing from the hills and in northwest England the lack of natural aquifers is compensated for by reservoirs. The national parks within the Pennines are the Yorkshire Dales National Park (7) and the Peak District National Park (1). Around 3000 BC a noticeable decline in tree pollen indicates that neolithic farmers were clearing woodland to increase grazing for domestic livestock, and studies at Linton Mires and Eshton Tarn find an increase in grassland species. Today rail services along the Huddersfield line between Huddersfield and Victoria and Piccadilly stations in Manchester are operated by TransPennine Express and Northern. Alpine huts of Pennine Alps‎ (46 C, 40 F) Dudley Stamp, L (1946): «Britain's Structure and Scenery» i: Redmonds, George (15. mars 2007): «A Major Place-Name Ignored» i: https://no.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Penninene&oldid=18059599, Artikler med offisielle lenker fra Wikidata, Artikler med autoritetsdatalenker fra Wikidata, Creative Commons-lisensen Navngivelse-Del på samme vilkår. See also: pennines. also Pennine Chain A range of hills extending about 260 km southward from the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border to central England. Dywedir yn aml eu bod yn ffurfio "asgwrn cefn Lloegr", gan ffurfio cadwyn ddidor o fryniau sy'n ymestyn o Ardal y Copaon yn Swydd Derby, trwy'r Dyffrynnoedd Swydd Efrog, rhannau o Fanceinion Fwyaf, Rhosdiroedd Gorllewin Pennine yn Swydd Gaerhirfryn a bryniau Cumbria i Fryniau Cheviot ar y ffin rhwng Lloegr a'r Alban. Between 1869 and 1876 the Midland Railway built the Settle-Carlisle Line through remote, scenic regions of the Pennines from near Settle to Carlisle passing Appleby-in-Westmorland and other settlements, some a distance from their stations. This category has the following 7 subcategories, out of 7 total. The flora found there can be found in other areas of moorland in Northern Europe and some species are also found in areas of tundra. [21] The St. Bernard Pass was the pass used in the invasions of Italy by the Gallic Boii and Lingones in 390 BC. The North Pennines AONB just north of the Yorkshire Dales rivals the national park in size and includes some of the Pennines' highest peaks and its most isolated and sparsely populated areas. Cadwyn o fryniau yng ngogledd Lloegr yw'r Pennines neu'r Penwynion. They are surrounded on … The uplands have a short, steep western slope and dip gently eastward. The Pennines are a mountain range in England. A low mountain range stretching through north central England. Sléibhte Pennine Thuaidh; Sléibhte Pennine Theas; Is síol faoi thíreolaíocht Shasana é an t-alt seo. Pennines is within the scope of WikiProject Yorkshire, an attempt to build a comprehensive and detailed guide to Yorkshire on Wikipedia. [9] The North Pennines and Nidderdale are designated Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB), as are Bowland and Pendle Hill. The main economic activities in the Pennines include sheep farming, quarrying, finance and tourism. Subcategories. Not to be confused with Category:Pennine Alps . On the limestone soils the oak was slower to colonize and pine and birch predominated. In the Dales the caves or potholes are known as "pots" in the Yorkshire dialect. The Trans Pennine Trail, a long-distance route for cyclists, horse riders and walkers, runs west–east alongside rivers and canals, along disused railway tracks and through historic towns and cities from Southport to Hornsea (207 miles/333 km). Ilyen név például Penrith városé, a Pen-y-ghent lanka, az Eden-folyó, vagy Cumbria.Ennél gyakoribbak az angolszász vagy óészaki eredetű nevek. [57], "In digging it away they frequently find vast fir trees, perfectly sound, and some oaks ...". In Yorkshire and Cumbria, many words of Norse origin, not commonly used in standard English, are part of everyday speech: for example, gill/ghyll (narrow steep valley), beck (brook or stream), fell (hill), and dale (valley).[26]. 16:38. The northern Pennine range is bordered by the foothills of the Lake District, and uplands of the Howgill Fells, Orton Fells and Cheviot Hills. Higher elevations have a tundra climate. In some areas precipitation has contributed to poor soils, resulting in part in moorland landscapes that characterize much of the range. The North Pennines are coincident with the Alston Block and the Yorkshire Dales are coincident with the Askrigg Block. In 2004, George Redmonds reassessed this, finding that numerous respected writers passed over the origin of the mountains' name in silence even in works dedicated to the topological etymology of Derbyshire and Lancashire. Media in category "North Pennines" The following 126 files are in this category, out of 126 total. Féach freisin. Altitude and size. The Pennines are a mountain range in England.Often said to be the "backbone of England", they form an unbroken range stretching from the Peak District in the Midlands, through the Yorkshire Dales, parts of Greater Manchester, the West Pennine Moors of Lancashire and Cumbrian Fells to the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border.Their total length is about 250 mi (402 km). 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