... Introduction The importance of cowpea in bridging the food gap in Nigeria cannot be overemphasized. Cowpea is an indigenous African legume crop belonging to the Fabaceae/Leguminosae family (Wiersema & León 1999). Download Full PDF Package. 2.1 Importance of cowpea and its distribution. Cowpea is of major importance to the livelihoods of millions of people in less developed countries of the tropics. It is consumed in many forms. Mean seed yield of the ten varieties of cowpea used differed significantly between treated and untreated cowpea plots. Aphids which were one of the most important pests of cowpea at Katumani preferred to colonize This will lead to increased demand for cowpea and improvement in economic well being of producers and overall health of consumers. 7. It is also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc. Exact figures on area cultivated for cowpeas in Africa are not available because of lack of reliable statistical enumeration. Walp.) It plays an important role in human nutrition, food security, and income generation for both farmers and food vendors in the region. transforming cowpea into a primary food to address malnutrition in poor populations, and promoting cowpea as a mainstream part of healthy diet. First, it is a flexible technology that is appreciated by, and will Young leaves, green pods, and green seeds are used as vegetables, and dry seeds are used in various food preparations [9]. A number of the plant parts could be important, i.e. The local varieties KAT 1, KAT 2 and KAK 1 constantly performed well producing higher yields than the exotic varieties except VITA 4. The base temperature for germination is 8,5 °C and for leaf growth 20 °C. seed, young leaves or seed and pod. COWPEA Botanical Name -Vigna anguiculata Synonymous - Lobia, Barbati, Black eyed pea Origin -Africa Importance This crop is known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to shading effect. It was the most commonly cultivated bean used for human consumption in the Old World (Allen and Allen, 1981). What is considered essential part of the plant in cowpea would be determined by the intended end use of the plant. The cowpea is a great plant that can survive and thrive in a broad range of conditions. Planned Project Activities for April 1, 2009 - September 30, 2010 Its few pests consist of aphids and stink bugs and its one cultural problem is that it does not like 'wet feet'. Every Nigerian eats cowpea and the per capita consumption is about 25kg to 30kg per annum (Falusi 1997). CLIMATIC REQUIREMENTS Temperature Cowpeas grow best during summer. Keywords: Cowpea, FYM, vermicompost, neem cake, Rhizobium and PSB Introduction Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) is one of the most important vegetable crops cultivated in Kharif as well as summer season and belongs to family Fabaceae. Cowpea is the most important pulse in tropical Africa, and it is grown from along tbe southern fringes of the S3bara from the west coast to East Africa and southwards. Thomas Jefferson is credited with first using the name cowpea. It is probably native of -eye pea and it is grown as … : Cowpea has been a staple crop and important protein source for many cultures since the Roman Empire. is an important grain legume, a major staple food crop for household nutrition in sub-Saharan Africa, especially in the dry savanna regions of Nigeria. The importance of cowpea Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. 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